## TYRE SPEED SYMBOLS & CATEGORIES

back to Technical Information Index PageMost car and van tyres used in the UK have both a load and speed rating after the tyre size, e.g. 195/65R15 is usually followed by 91V. This means the tyres can carry their rated load upto a maximum non-stop speed of 240 kph. When replacing tyres it is important to ensure the new tyres, even if a different size, have the same or a higher speed rating. However, in the UK, with a national speed limit of 70 mph, it is quite safe and not illegal to fit a tyre with a lower speed rating, provided you do not exceed this reduced rating. The table below shows the maximum speeds applicable to each speed letter. | |||||||||||||

Max Speed (sustained) Kilometres/hr |
Speed Rating | Max Speed (sustained) Miles/hr |
|||||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

N | P | Q | R | S | T | U | H | V | W | Y | Z | ||

300 Kph | 190 Mph | ||||||||||||

290 Kph | |||||||||||||

280 Kph | |||||||||||||

270 Kph | 170 Mph | ||||||||||||

260 Kph | |||||||||||||

250 Kph | |||||||||||||

240 Kph | 150 Mph | ||||||||||||

230 Kph | |||||||||||||

220 Kph | |||||||||||||

210 Kph | 130 Mph | ||||||||||||

200 Kph | 125 Mph | ||||||||||||

190 Kph | 119 Mph | ||||||||||||

180 Kph | 113 Mph | ||||||||||||

170 Kph | 106 Mph | ||||||||||||

160 Kph | 100 Mph | ||||||||||||

150 Kph | 94 Mph | ||||||||||||

140 Kph | 88 Mph | ||||||||||||

130 Kph | 81 Mph | ||||||||||||

120 Kph | 75 Mph | ||||||||||||

Max Speed (sustained) Kilometres/hr |
N | P | Q | R | S | T | U | H | V | W | Y | Z | Max Speed (sustained) Miles/hr |

Speed Rating |

Marking | Charactistics |
---|---|

Speed Symbol "N" | For vehicles with a speed capability not exceeding 140 Km/h (88 Mph) |

Speed Symbol "P" | For vehicles with a speed capability not exceeding 150 Km/h (94 Mph) |

Speed Symbol "Q" | For vehicles with a speed capability not exceeding 160 Km/h (100 Mph) |

Speed Symbol "R" | For vehicles with a speed capability not exceeding 170 Km/h (106 Mph) |

Speed Symbol "S" | For vehicles with a speed capability not exceeding 180 Km/h (113 Mph) |

Speed Symbol "T" | For vehicles with a speed capability not exceeding 190 Km/h (119 Mph) |

Speed Symbol "U" | For vehicles with a speed capability not exceeding 200 Km/h (125 Mph) |

Speed Symbol "H" | For vehicles with a speed capability not exceeding 210 Km/h (130 Mph) |

Speed Symbol "V" | For vehicles with a speed capability not exceeding 240 Km/h (e.g. 225/55 R 15 91V) |

Speed Symbol "W" | For vehicles having speed capability not exceeding 270 Km/h (e.g. 225/60 R 15 96W) |

Speed Symbol "Y" | For vehicles having speed capability not exceeding 300 Km/h (e.g. 275/40 R 18 94Y) |

Speed Category "VR" | For vehicles having speed capability over 210 Km/h (e.g. 195/50 VR 15) |

Speed Category "ZR" | For vehicles with a speed capability over 240 Km/h (e.g. 205/40 ZR 17) |

ZR+ Speed Symbol "W" | Tyres marked with both designations for vehicles with speed capability over 240 Km/h but not exceeding 270 Km/h |

ZR+ Speed Symbol "Y" | Tyres marked with both designations for vehicles with speed capability over 240 Km/h but not exceeding 300 Km/h |